Jump to
Table of Contents
Share this
See also
Pyramid properties
Pyramid with polygonal base properties
Cube properties
Octahedron properties
Dodecahedron properties
Cone properties
All solids
All Geometric Shapes tools

Properties of Tetrahedron

- By Dr. Minas E. Lemonis, PhD - Updated: March 3, 2019

This tool calculates the basic geometric properties of a regular tetrahedron. Choose the known characteristic of the object and enter the appropriate value for it. The calculated results will have the same units as your input. Please use consistent units for any input.

Known data:
Geometric properties:
Volume =
Surface area =
Face area =
Edge length a =
Height h =
Inradius Ri =
Circumradius Rc =
Midradius Rm =
Dihedral angle θ(°) =
Number of faces =
Number of edges =
Number of vertices =
shape details
Table of Contents
Share this

Definitions

Geometry

Tetrahedron is a regular polyhedron with four faces. By regular is meant that all faces are identicalregular polygons (equilateral triangles for the tetrahedron). It is one of the five platonic solids (the other ones are cube, octahedron, dodecahedron and icosahedron). It has 4 faces, 6 edges and 4 vertices and has the form of a pyramid with triangular base.

The volume of a tetrahedron is given by the formula:

\[ V = \frac{1}{3}A_{f0}h \]

where \(A_{f0}\) the area of one face and \(h\) the height of the pyramid, that is the distance from one vertex towards the opposite face centroid. Both quantities can be expressed as functions of the edge length \(a\):

\[ \begin{split} & A_{f0} &= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}a^2\\ & h &= \frac{\sqrt{6}}{3}a \end{split} \]

Therefore, volume \(V\) can be expressed, as a function of side length \(a\), as:

\[ V = \frac{\sqrt{2}}{12}a^3 \]

The total surface area is given by the following formula:

\[ A_f = 4A_{f0} = \sqrt{3}a^2 \]

The dihedral angle \(\theta\) is defined as the interior angle between two adjacent faces of the polyhedron. For the regular tetrahedron it is given through the expression:

\[ \tan {\theta} = 2\sqrt{2}\\ \theta \approx 70.53^\circ \]

For any regular polyhedron, three spheres can be commonly defined: one that passes through all the vertices, called circumscribed sphere or circumsphere, one that passes through the centroids of all faces, called inscribed sphere or insphere, and one that passes through the middles of all edges, called midsphere. The radii of these spheres, circumradius \(R_c\), inradius \(R_i\) and midradius \(R_m\), respectively, can be found for a regular tetrahedron, through the following expressions:

\[ \begin{split} & R_c &= \frac{\sqrt{6}}{4}a\\ & R_i &= \frac{1}{\sqrt{24}}a\\ & R_m &= \frac{1}{\sqrt{8}}a \end {split} \]

See also
Pyramid properties
Pyramid with polygonal base properties
Cube properties
Octahedron properties
Dodecahedron properties
Cone properties
All solids
All Geometric Shapes tools