Jump to
Table of Contents
Share this
See also
Properties of a N-gon
Properties of a Hexagon
Properties of a Heptagon
Properties of a Rectangle
Properties of a Circular area
All Geometric Shapes tools

Properties of a Hexagon

- By Dr. Minas E. Lemonis, PhD - Updated: March 3, 2019

This tool calculates the basic geometric properties of a regular hexagon. Regular polygons are equilateral (all sides equal). The tool can calculate the properties of the hexagon, given the length of its sides, or the inradius or the circumradius. Enter below the shape dimensions. The calculated results will have the same units as your input. Please use consistent units for any input.

Known data:
icon

Geometric properties:
Area =
Perimeter =
Side α =
Inradius Ri =
Circumradius Rc =
Angles :
Interior φ =
Central θ =
shape details
Table of Contents
Share this

Definitions

Geometry

Hexagon is a polygon with six sides and six vertices. A hexagon is regular when all its sides are equal. The interior angles of a regular hexagon are always 120°. For any regular polygon, a circle that passes through all vertices can be drawn. That is the cirmuscribed circle or circumcircle of the polygon. Also, a circle that is tangent to all sides can be drawn, which is called inscribed circle or incircle.

The radius of circumcircle Rcand incircle Ri(usually called circumradius and inradius respectively), are related to the side length α and also among each other. These relationships can be discovered using the properties of the right triangle, highlighted in the figure below, leading to the following formulas:

\begin{split} R_c & = \frac{a}{2 \sin{\frac{\theta}{2}}} \\ R_i & = \frac{a}{2 \tan{\frac{\theta}{2}}} \\ R_i & = R_c \cos{\frac{\theta}{2}} \end{split}

where θ the central angle and α the side length. For the regular hexagon, θ = 60°, therefore the above formulas are simplified to:

\begin{split} R_c & = \frac{a}{2 \sin{30^{\circ}}} = a \\ R_i & = \frac{a}{2 \tan{30^{\circ}}} \approx 0.87 a \\ \\ R_i & = R_c \cos{30^{\circ}} \approx 0.87 R_c \end{split}

shape geometry

The area of any regular N-sided polygon can be found, considering that the whole shape can be decomposed to N number of identical triangles (sides α,Rc,Rc). The area of each triangle is \frac{1}{2}a R_i. Therefore for the polygon:

A = \frac{N}{2} a R_i = \frac{N a^2}{4\tan{\frac{\theta}{2}}}

Substituting for the specific case of regular hexagon, the above formula becomes:

A = \frac{6 a^2}{4 \tan{30^{\circ}}} \approx 2.60 a^2

The perimeter of any N-sided regular polygon is simply the sum of the lengths of all sides: P = N a. Therefore, for the regular hexagon :

P = 6a

NOTE: Some of the above formulas have general scope for all regular polygons. These are the formulas, with θ, φ or N variables, not substituted with specific values.

See also
Properties of a N-gon
Properties of a Hexagon
Properties of a Heptagon
Properties of a Rectangle
Properties of a Circular area
All Geometric Shapes tools