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Table of Contents

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## Definitions

### General

The natural logarithm of a number x, is a power p so that e^{p}= x, where e is a mathematical constant, approximately equal to 2.718. In modern notation natural logarithm is written as or . Any positive real number has a natural logarithm. The natural logarithm of 1 is 0, while the natural logarithm of 0 approaches negative infinity.

The graph of the natural logarithm function is shown in the figure below. It is a monotonic function.

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### Properties

The derivative of the natural logarithm function is:

The integral of the natural logarithm function is given by:

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